Data from: Stoichiometry controls activity of phase-separated clusters of actin signaling proteins
Case, Lindsay B.; Zhang, Xu; Ditlev, Jonathon A.; Rosen, Michael K. (2019), Data from: Stoichiometry controls activity of phase-separated clusters of actin signaling proteins, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.hh37793
Biomolecular condensates concentrate macromolecules into foci without a surrounding membrane. Many condensates appear to form through multivalent interactions that drive liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS). LLPS increases the specific activity of actin regulatory proteins toward actin assembly by the Arp2/3 complex. We show that this increase occurs because LLPS of the Nephrin–Nck–N-WASP signaling pathway on lipid bilayers increases membrane dwell time of N-WASP and Arp2/3 complex, consequently increasing actin assembly. Dwell time varies with relative stoichiometry of the signaling proteins in the phase-separated clusters, rendering N-WASP and Arp2/3 activity stoichiometry dependent. This mechanism of controlling protein activity is enabled by the stoichiometrically undefined nature of biomolecular condensates. Such regulation should be a general feature of signaling systems that assemble through multivalent interactions and drive nonequilibrium outputs.