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Data from: Effects of condition and sperm competition risk on sperm allocation and storage in neriid flies

Citation

Wylde, Zac; Crean, Angela; Bonduriansky, Russell (2019), Data from: Effects of condition and sperm competition risk on sperm allocation and storage in neriid flies, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.hhmgqnkc6

Abstract

Ejaculate traits can be sexually selected and often exhibit heightened condition-dependence. However, the influence of sperm competition risk in tandem with condition-dependent ejaculate allocation strategies is relatively unstudied. Because ejaculates are costly to produce, high-condition males may be expected to invest more in ejaculates when sperm competition risk is greater. We examined the condition-dependence of ejaculate size by manipulating nutrient concentration in the juvenile (larval) diet of the neriid fly Telostylinus angusticollis. Using a fully factorial design we also examined the effects of perceived sperm competition risk (manipulated by allowing males to mate first or second) on the quantity of ejaculate transferred and stored in the three spermathecae of the female reproductive tract. To differentiate male ejaculates, we fed males non-toxic rhodamine fluorophores (which bind to proteins in the body) prior to mating, labelling their sperm red or green. We found that high-condition males initiated mating more quickly and, when mating second, transferred more ejaculate to both of the female’s posterior spermathecae. This suggests that males allocate ejaculates strategically, with high-condition males elevating their ejaculate investment only when facing sperm competition. More broadly, our findings suggest that ejaculate allocation strategies can incorporate variation in both condition and perceived risk of sperm competition.

Methods

This data set was collected in two blocks and represents a fully factorial experimental design. The main response variable is ejaculate amount from each spermatheca which was collected using confocal fluorescence microscopy (units arbitrary). 'Post1', 'Post2' and 'Ant' represent measures taken from the posterior (1 and 2) and anterior spermathecae. 'Post1std' etc have been standardized as per the methods within the paper.

Funding

Australian Research Council, Award: DP170102449