Data from: Observations of migrant exchange and mixing in a coral reef fish metapopulation link scales of marine population connectivity
Horne, John B.
van Herwerden, Lynne
McIlwain, Jennifer L.
Published Mar 18, 2013 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Horne, John B.; van Herwerden, Lynne; Abellana, Sheena; McIlwain, Jennifer L. (2013). Data from: Observations of migrant exchange and mixing in a coral reef fish metapopulation link scales of marine population connectivity [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.hm796
Much progress has been made toward understanding marine metapopulation dynamics, largely because of multilocus microsatellite surveys able to connect related individuals within the metapopulation. However, most studies are focused on small spatial scales, tens of kilometers, while demographic exchange at larger spatial scales remains poorly documented. Additionally, many small-scale demographic studies conflict with broad-scale phylogeographic patterns concerning levels of marine population connectivity, highlighting a need for data on more intermediate scales. Here, we investigated demographic recruitment processes of a commercially important coral reef fish, the bluespine unicornfish (Naso unicornis) using a suite of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and microsatellite markers. Sampling for this study ranged across the southern Marianas Islands, a linear distance of 250 km and included 386 newly settled postlarval recruits. In contrast with other studies, we report that cohorts of recruits were genetically homogeneous in space and time, with no evidence of temporally stochastic sweepstakes reproduction. The genetic diversity of recruits was high and commensurate with that of the adult population. In addition, there is substantial evidence that 2 recruits, separated by 250 km, were full siblings. This is the largest direct observation of dispersal to date for a coral reef fish. All indications suggest that subpopulations of N. unicornis experience high levels of demographic migrant exchange and metapopulation mixing on a spatial scale of hundreds of kilometers, consistent with high levels of broad-scale genetic connectivity previously reported in this species.
fasta file containing sequences of the mitochondrial control region
XL spreadsheet in GenAlEx format with the scores of 12 microsatellite loci. Four of these were found not to conform with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium but this is somewhat questionable because they were only tested on a single adult population. This data set is arranged as year-class recruitment cohorts and adult fishes.
An Excel datafile in GenAlEX format. This file contains only those eight loci that conformed to Hardy-Weinberg expectations and is arranged by sample locations of the recruits.
An XL spreadsheet of sampling data for each recruit. Includes date, location, length and weight of each individual.