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A tradeoff between robustness to environmental fluctuations and speed of evolution

Citation

Schmid, Max et al. (2022), A tradeoff between robustness to environmental fluctuations and speed of evolution, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.hx3ffbgdv

Abstract

The ability of a species to cope with both long-term and short-term environmental fluctuations might vary with the species' life history. While some life-history characteristics promote large and stable population sizes despite interannual environmental fluctuations, other life-history strategies might allow to evolve quickly in response to long-term gradual changes. In a theoretical study, we show that there is a tradeoff between both properties. Life-history characteristics that promote fast rates of evolution come at the expense of a poor response to short-term environmental fluctuations, and vice versa. We demonstrated the presence of this tradeoff by the use of a mathematical analysis and individual-based simulations.

Usage Notes

The dataset contains the simulation source code, simulation configuration files, the simulation results, a Mathematica notebook, and R scripts of the manuscript "A tradeoff between robustness to environmental fluctuations and speed of evolution" that was published in the American Naturalist.

Funding

Swiss National Science Foundation, Award: PP00P3_144846