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Data from: Stethoscope disinfection is rarely done in Ethiopia: what are the associated factors?

Citation

Sahiledengle, Biniyam S. (2019), Data from: Stethoscope disinfection is rarely done in Ethiopia: what are the associated factors?, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jc3mk77

Abstract

Introduction: The stethoscope, which is non-critical medical devices and a symbol of healthcare, is likely to be contaminated by pathogenic microorganisms and can play a contributory role in the transmission of hospital-acquired infection. And regular cleaning of the diaphragm of the stethoscope with a suitable disinfectant is decisive. However, in the resource-constrained setting like many healthcare facilities in Ethiopia healthcare provider’s stethoscope disinfection practice and its associated factors have not been well studied so far. Therefore, this study sought to determine stethoscope disinfection practice and associated factors among the healthcare providers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was carried out between April and May 2016. For this study, 576 healthcare providers (physicians, health officers, nurses, midwives, and anesthesiologist) were included from 21 healthcare facilities in Addis Ababa. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics were computed. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors that were significantly associated with stethoscope disinfection after every use. Results: A total of 546 healthcare providers participated in this study, for a response rate of 94.7%. Two-fifths, 39.7% (95%CI: 35.9, 44.0%) of healthcare providers disinfecting their stethoscope after every use. And a significant number of participants 34.6% (95%CI: 30.8, 38.5%) never disinfect their stethoscope. Three out of four (76.0%) healthcare providers believe that stethoscope contamination can contribute to the transmission of infections. Safe infection prevention practice (AOR = 3.79, 95%CI: 2.45–5.84), awareness on infection prevention guideline (AOR = 1.93; 95%CI: 1.31, 2.82), and favorable attitude towards infection prevention (AOR = 1.73, 95%CI: 1.02, 2.93) were significantly associated with stethoscope disinfection after every use. The study also found that the odds of stethoscope disinfection were likely to be reduced by 79% among physicians than nurses (AOR = 0.21; 95%CI: 0.09, 0.49).Conclusions: Only a small proportion of healthcare providers disinfect their stethoscopes after every use. Factors such as safe infection prevention practice, awareness on infection prevention guidelines, and favorable attitude towards infection prevention were the independent predictors of stethoscopes disinfection after every use. Hence, promotion of stethoscope hygiene along with an educational program to enhance disinfection compliance in healthcare facilities may have a positive effect.

Usage Notes

Location

Ethiopia