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Data from: A closer examination of the 'abundant center' hypothesis for reef fishes

Citation

Granot, Itai et al. (2020), Data from: A closer examination of the 'abundant center' hypothesis for reef fishes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jdfn2z380

Abstract

Aim: The ‘abundant center’ hypothesis states that species are more abundant at the center of their range. However, several recent large-scale studies have failed to find evidence for such a pattern. Here we use extensive global data of reef fishes to test the strength of the 'abundant center' pattern, and to examine variation in the patterns across species using life history and ecological traits.

Location: Marine habitat at a global extent: from Indo-Pacific to Atlantic reefs.

Methods: We used underwater visual estimates of fish abundance, containing 22,963 transects and 1,215 species. For each species we calculated the slope between abundance and distance to the range center, with the range center estimated using four different methods. We tested whether abundance patterns differ between the range core and margins using segmented regression. Meta-analytic methods were used to synthesize results across species, and to test whether species traits can explain variation in the fit to the pattern among species.

Results: The method used to define the range center had a large effect on the results. Nevertheless, in all cases we found large variation between species. Results of the segmented regression revealed that changes in abundance across the range core are very small and that steep declines in abundance happen only toward the range margins. Body size and mean abundance were the main traits affecting the fit to the pattern across species.

Main conclusions: We find large variation across species in the fit to the abundance center pattern. Nevertheless, we do find support for a general pattern of a range core with high, but variable, abundance and steep decline in abundance toward the range periphery. Thus, species do tend to be rare at the range margins, making then sensitive to extirpation due to both natural and anthropogenic impacts.

Usage Notes

Underwater visual fish census surveys data collected by several researchers around the world.

Data columns are very informative.

Funding

Israel Science Foundation, Award: 1356/15