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Data from: Moderate climate warming scenarios during embryonic and post-embryonic stages benefit a cold-climate lizard

Citation

Sun, Baojun et al. (2022), Data from: Moderate climate warming scenarios during embryonic and post-embryonic stages benefit a cold-climate lizard, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jdfn2z3ct

Abstract

Warming temperatures caused by climate change are predicted to vary temporally and spatially. For mid- and high-latitude reptiles, the seasonal variation in warming temperatures experienced by embryos and hatchlings may determine offspring fitness, yet this has remained largely unexplored.

To evaluate the independent and interactive influence of seasonal variation in warming temperatures on embryonic and hatchling development, we incubated eggs and reared hatchlings of a cold-climate oviparous ectothermic species, the Heilongjiang grass lizard (Takydromus amurensis), following a 2 × 2 factorial design (present climate vs. warming climate for embryos × present climate vs. warming climate for hatchlings). We then evaluated embryonic and hatchling development, including hatching success, incubation period, initial hatchling body size, hatchling metabolic rate, growth rate, and survival in the mesocosms.

We found that warming temperatures shortened the incubation period and produced hatchlings with higher survival rates than those incubated under the present climate conditions. Similarly, hatchlings reared under a warming climate had similar growth rates and resting metabolic rates, but higher survival rates than those reared under the present climate. Hatchlings that experienced both warming incubation and warming growth conditions had the highest survival rates.

This study revealed that moderate warming temperatures (Representative Concentration Pathway, RCP 4.5, 1.1–2.6 °C) experienced by embryos and hatchlings interact to benefit hatchling fitness in cold-climate oviparous ectotherms. Our study also highlighted the importance of integrating seasonal variation in warming temperatures when evaluating the responses to climate warming in multiple developmental stages in oviparous ectotherms.

Methods

The datasets were from embryonic and hatchling development of Takydromus amurensis from Harbin in China, following a 2 × 2 factorial design (present climate vs. warming climate for embryos × present climate vs. warming climate for hatchlings). The eggs were collected by the females from the field, and were incubated under present and warming temperatures in the semi-natrual enclosures, then the incuabtion period, hatching success were record and calculated. After, the hatchlings were reared under present and warming enclosures. Then the active body temperatures were collected, the body size and survival rates were tested. The metabolic rates were determined by FOXBOX.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31870391

Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Award: 2019085

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31500324