Data from: Stalk formation of Brevundimonas and how it compares to Caulobacter crescentus
Curtis, Patrick D. (2018), Data from: Stalk formation of Brevundimonas and how it compares to Caulobacter crescentus, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jg6tc
The Caulobacter crescentus cell extension known as a stalk represents an unusual bacterial morphology. C. crescentus produces stalks under multiple nutrient conditions, but the length of the stalk is increased in response to phosphate starvation. However, the exact function of the stalk is not known, nor is it known how much stalk biogenesis or function is conserved with other stalked bacteria. Work presented here shows that many organisms in the Caulobacter genus and the next closest genus (Brevundimonas) generally do not synthesize stalks in the relatively-rich PYE growth medium, suggesting that the synthesis of a stalk under nutrient-rich conditions by C. crescentus may be the exception instead of the norm among its phylogenetic group. Brevundimonas subvibrioides can be induced to synthesize stalks by genetically mimicking phosphate starvation conditions, indicating stalk synthesis in this organism may be performed on an as-need basis. This mutation, however, does not appear to increase the incidence of holdfast synthesis. While B. subvibrioides stalks appear to be synthesized with the same polarity with respect to holdfast as C. crescentus stalks, evidence is presented that suggests B. subvibrioides may disassemble stalks when they are no longer needed. Many homologs of C. crescentus genes encoding stalk-associated proteins are absent in the B. subvibrioides genome, and B. subvibrioides PstA-GFP as well as C. crescentus StpX-GFP are able to enter the B. subvibrioides stalk compartment, calling into question the level of compartmentalization of the B. subvibrioides stalk. In summary, this work begins to address how much the C. crescentus model for this unusual morphological adaptation can be extended to related organisms.
National Science Foundation, Award: 1552647