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Examining the relationship between processing fluency and memory for source information

Citation

Huang, Tina; Shanks, David (2021), Examining the relationship between processing fluency and memory for source information, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jq2bvq85t

Abstract

Familiarity-based processes such as processing fluency can influence memory judgements in tests of item recognition. Many conventional accounts of source memory assume minimal influence of familiarity on source memory, but recent work has suggested that source memory judgements are affected when test stimuli are processed with greater fluency as a result of priming. The present experiments investigated the relationship between fluency and the accuracy of source memory decisions. Participants studied words presented with different source attributes. During test, they identified words that gradually clarified on screen through progressive de-masking, made old/new and source memory judgements, and reported confidence ratings for those words. Response times (RTs) recorded from the item identification task formed the basis of a fluency measure, and identification RTs were compared across categories of item recognition, source accuracy, and confidence. Identification RTs were faster in trials with correct retrieval of source information compared to trials for which source could not be accurately retrieved. These findings are consistent with the assumption that familiarity-based processes can contribute to source memory judgements.