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Data from: Heterospecific mating interactions as an interface between ecology and evolution

Citation

Kyogoku, Daisuke; Wheatcroft, David (2020), Data from: Heterospecific mating interactions as an interface between ecology and evolution, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jsxksn06q

Abstract

Reproductive interference (costly interspecific sexual interactions) are well-understood to promote divergence in mating-relevant traits (i.e. reproductive character displacement: RCD), but it can also reduce population growth, eventually leading to local extinction of one of the species. The ecological and evolutionary processes driven by reproductive interference can interact with each other. These interactions are likely to influence whether the outcome is co-existence or extinction, but remain little studied. In this paper, we first develop an eco-evolutionary perspective on reproductive interference by integrating ecological and evolutionary processes in a common framework. We also present a simple model to demonstrate the eco-evolutionary dynamics of reproductive interference. We then identify a number of factors that are likely to influence the relative likelihoods of extinction or RCD. We discuss particularly relevant factors by classifying them into four categories: the nature of the traits responding to selection, the mechanisms determining the expression of these traits, mechanisms of reproductive interference, and the ecological background. We highlight previously underappreciated ways in which these factors may influence the relative likelihoods of RCD and local extinction. By doing so, we also identify questions and future directions that will increase our holistic understanding of the outcomes of reproductive interference.

Methods

An R script for individual based simulation models of reinforcement. There are two species, which can hybridize with each other. All hybrids die soon after fertilization (complete postzytotic isolation). A polygenic trait for mate choice (e.g. body size) can evolve. Demographic dynamics is also explicitly modelled. Densities of the two species are limited by different resources. Organisms are haploids and hermaphrodites.

Usage Notes

Simulation results for the publication was made using a Windows 10 computer. A single run takes a few minutes.

Funding

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 16J03061

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 19K16222