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Data from: Interactive effects of social environment, age and sex on immune responses in Drosophila melanogaster

Citation

Leech, Thomas et al. (2020), Data from: Interactive effects of social environment, age and sex on immune responses in Drosophila melanogaster, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.jt02m1b

Abstract

Social environments have been shown to have multiple effects on individual immune responses. For example, increased social contact might signal greater infection risk and prompt a prophylactic upregulation of immunity. This differential investment of resources may in part explain why social environments affect ageing and lifespan. Our previous work using Drosophila melanogaster showed that single-sex social contact reduced lifespan for both sexes. Here, we assess how social interactions (isolation or contact) affect susceptibility to infection, phagocytotic activity and expression of a subset of immune and stress related genes in young and old flies of both sexes. Social contact had a neutral, or even improved, effect on post-infection lifespan in older flies and reduced the expression of stress response genes in females, however it reduced phagocytotic activity. Together, these findings indicate that social contact in D. melanogaster does not have a predictable impact on immune responses and does not simply trade-off immune investment with lifespan.

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