Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Measurement of infection efficiency of a major wheat pathogen using time-resolved imaging of disease progress

Citation

Karisto, Petteri; Dora, Susanne; Mikaberidze, Alexey (2019), Data from: Measurement of infection efficiency of a major wheat pathogen using time-resolved imaging of disease progress, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k0n0676

Abstract

Infection efficiency is a key epidemiological parameter that determines the proportion of pathogen spores able to infect and cause lesions once they have landed on a susceptible plant tissue. In this study, we present an improved method to measure infection efficiency of Zymoseptoria tritici using a replicated greenhouse experiment. Z. tritici is a fungal pathogen that infects wheat leaves and causes Septoria tritici blotch (STB), a major disease of wheat worldwide. We devised an original experimental setup, where we (i) attached living wheat leaves to metal plates allowing for time‐resolved imaging of disease progress in planta. Since lesions were continuously appearing, expanding and merging during the period of up to three weeks, daily measurements were necessary for accurate counting of lesions. We also (ii) used reference membranes to characterize the density and the spatial distribution of inoculated spores on leaf surfaces. In this way, we captured the relationship between the number of lesions and the number of viable spores deposited on the leaves and estimated the infection efficiency of about 4% from the slope of this relationship. Our study provides a proof of principle for an accurate and reliable measurement of infection efficiency of Z. tritici. The method opens opportunities for determining the genetic basis of the component of quantitative resistance that suppresses infection efficiency. This knowledge would improve breeding for quantitative resistance against STB, a control measure considered more durable than deployment of major resistance genes.

Usage Notes