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Data from: Genome-wide SNP identification and association mapping for seed mineral concentration in Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

Citation

Cortes, Andres et al. (2020), Data from: Genome-wide SNP identification and association mapping for seed mineral concentration in Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k0p2ngf5s

Abstract

Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) quality is dependent on seed chemical composition, which in turn determines the benefits of mung bean consumption for human health. While rich in a range of nutritional components, such as protein, macro- and micro- nutrients, carbohydrates and vitamins, mung bean remains less well studied than other legume crops. Mung bean genomics and genetic resources are relatively sparse. To further improve nutritional levels of mung bean grain requires genome-wide marker system tools. The objectives of this research were to develop these tools and conduct nutrient analysis in order to 1) identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using genotyping by sequencing (GBS) and to 2) perform genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for levels of calcium, iron, potassium, manganese, phosphorous, sulfur, and zinc in mung bean grain produced over two years of field experiment. A total of 112 GWAS models were explored using 6,486 high quality SNPs discovered in 92 cultivated mung bean accessions chosen from USDA core collection that represented 13 countries. The data obtained allowed for the identification of 43 associated SNPs and 20 main genomic regions that explained on average 22 % of the overall variation in seed macro- and micro- nutrients concentration on the basis of a multiple-year analysis. Most of the regions discovered in this study provide valuable candidate gene to use in future breeding of new varieties of mung bean with novel nutritional properties. Identification of the underlying genes will help to reveal the genetic control of mung bean seed nutritional property. Other SNPs identified in this study will serve as important resources to enable marker-assisted selection (MAS) in the species V. radiata, including wide and narrow crosses with / between cultivated and wild mung bean.