Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Harvest-induced phenotypic selection in an island population of moose, Alces alces

Citation

Kvalnes, Thomas et al. (2016), Data from: Harvest-induced phenotypic selection in an island population of moose, Alces alces, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k3234

Abstract

Empirical evidence strongly indicates that human exploitation has frequently led to rapid evolutionary changes in wild populations, yet the mechanisms involved are often poorly understood. Here we applied a recently developed demographic framework for analysing selection to data from a 20-year study of a wild population of moose, Alces alces. In this population, a genetic pedigree has been established all the way back to founders. We demonstrate harvest-induced directional selection for delayed birth dates in males and reduced body mass as calf in females. During the study period, birth date was delayed by 0.81 days per year for both sexes, while no significant changes occurred in calf body mass. Quantitative genetic analyses indicated that both traits harboured significant additive genetic variance. These results show that selective harvesting can induce strong selection which oppose natural selection. This may cause evolution of less favourable phenotypes that become maladaptive once harvesting ceases.

Usage Notes

Location

Vega
Northern Europe
Norway