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Direct oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation patients with concomitant hyperthyroidism

Citation

Lee, Hsin-Fu et al. (2020), Direct oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation patients with concomitant hyperthyroidism , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k3j9kd543

Abstract

Objective

Patients with hyperthyroidism were excluded from randomized clinical trials of direct oral anticoagulants(DOACs) for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).

Methods

We performed a nationwide retrospective cohort study using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We enrolled 3,213 and 1,181 NVAF patients with hyperthyroidism taking DOACs and warfarin, respectively, from June 1, 2012 to December 31, 2017. We also enrolled 53,591 and 16,564 NVAF patients without hyperthyroidism taking DOACs and warfarin, respectively. We used propensity score-based stabilized weights (PSSWs) to balance covariates across the study groups. We also used 1:4 matching on both taking DOACs, with (n=3,213) and without hyperthyroidism (n=12,852); and both taking warfarin, with (n=1,181) and without hyperthyroidism (n=4,724).

Results

After PSSW, DOAC had a comparable risk of ischemic stroke/systemic embolism (IS/SE) and a lower risk of major bleeding (hazard ratio (HR):0.65; [95% confidential interval (CI):0.44-0.96]; P=0.0295) than warfarin among patients with hyperthyroidism.  There were comparable risks of IS/SE and major bleeding between those patients with and without hyperthyroidism. However, patients taking warfarin with hyperthyroidism had a lower risk of IS/SE than those without hyperthyroidism (HR:0.61; [95%CI:0.43-0.86]; P=0.0050).

Conclusion

Among NVAF Asian patients with concomitant hyperthyroidism, DOACs may be an effective and safer alternative to warfarin. Thromboprophylaxis with DOACs may be considered for such patients, and it is important to validate this finding in further prospective study.

Methods

We performed a nationwide retrospective cohort study using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We enrolled 3,213 and 1,181 NVAF patients with hyperthyroidism taking DOACs and warfarin, respectively, from June 1, 2012 to December 31, 2017.

Usage Notes

Supplemental materials (figures and tables) for the article of "Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Concomitant Hyperthyroidism"

Funding

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Award: CMRPG3G1371-3

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Award: CMRPG3F0991-3

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Award: CMRPD1K0031

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Award: CMRPG3K0021