Analysis table of optimal preparation conditions of expanded graphite
He, Jun et al. (2022), Analysis table of optimal preparation conditions of expanded graphite, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k3j9kd5bc
The environmentally friendly preparation of sulfur-free expanded graphite (EG) remains a great challenge. A large amount of strong acids and strong oxidants were used in the preparation of expandable graphite, resulting in environmental pollution problems. Herein, a novel and green preparation method for sulfur-free expanded graphite (EG) has been developed. Sulfur-free EG was fabricated using natural flake graphite (NFG), sodium perchlorate (NaClO4), and oxalic acid (C2H2O4) as raw materials. The electrochemical oxidation method was applied to prepare sulfur-free expandable graphite, and microwave irradiation technology was adopted to prepare sulfur-free EG. The optimum weight ratio was as follows: NFG:NaClO4:C2H2O4 = 1.5:10:2. The anodic oxidation occurred under a constant current density of 47 mA/cm2, and the intercalation reaction lasted for 60 min at ambient temperature. The largest expanded volume (EV) of sulfur-free EG was 290 mL/g. The FTIR spectrum proved that the ClO4− and COO− groups had entered the graphite layers. The SEM images showed that the graphite layers were completely opened, and the pore structure was clearly observed. The sulfur-free EG prepared by the method does not cause environmental pollution and has broad application prospects.
A certain amount of sulfur-free expandable graphite was weighed, and the EV was measured using a 150 mL graduated cylinder after expansion. The EV of the EG was calculated by the following equation: EV = V/M (mL/g). The higher expansion volume indicates that the more expanded graphite is obtained.
Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, Award: B2020203013