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Evolution of reduced minimum critical size as a response to selection for rapid pre-adult development in Drosophila melanogaster.

Citation

Sharma, Khushboo; Mishra, Nalini; Shakarad N, Mallikarjun (2020), Evolution of reduced minimum critical size as a response to selection for rapid pre-adult development in Drosophila melanogaster., Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k6djh9w32

Abstract

Adult body size in holometabolous insects is directly proportional to the time spent during the larval period. The larval duration can be divided into two parts- (i) pre-critical duration-time required to attain a critical size/critical weight that would result in successful completion of development and metamorphosis even under non-availability of nutrition beyond the time of attainment of critical size, and (ii) post-critical duration-the time duration from attainment of critical size till pupation. It is of interest to decipher the relative contribution of the two larval growth phases (from the hatching of the egg to attainment of critical size or from the attainment of critical size to pupation- post-critical duration) to the final adult size. Many studies using Drosophila melanogaster have shown that, selecting populations for faster development result in the emergence of small adults. Some of these studies have indirectly reported the evolution of smaller critical size. Using two kinds of D. melanogaster populations, one of which is selected for faster/accelerated pre-adult development and the other their ancestral control, we demonstrate that the final adult size is determined by the time spent as larvae post the attainment of critical size despite having increased growth rate during the second larval instar. Our populations under selection for faster per-adult development are exhibiting adaptive-bail out due to intrinsic food limitation as against extrinsic food limitation in the yellow dung fly.

Funding

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, India

R & D grant, University of Delhi