A high-performance Ni-CeO2/Ni/Ni-Y2O3·ZrO2 three-layer anode for direct iso-octane feeding of solid oxide fuel cells
Sasaki, Kazuya; Takahashi, Ikuma; Kuramoto, Kodai; Shin-mura, Kiyoto (2022), A high-performance Ni-CeO2/Ni/Ni-Y2O3·ZrO2 three-layer anode for direct iso-octane feeding of solid oxide fuel cells, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k98sf7m7j
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) directly fed with iso-octane are expected to be power sources of mobile devices and automobiles. However, the conventional anode catalysts nickel (Ni) or cerium oxide (CeO2) used for direct feeding of iso-octane do not suppress carbon deposition or generate high-power. In this study, we investigated the Ni-CeO2/Ni/Ni-yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) three-layer anode to establish the suppression of carbon deposition and high-power generation in the SOFC. The anode consists of a Ni-CeO2 catalyst layer as the top layer, a Ni catalyst layer as the second layer, and a Ni-YSZ catalyst layer as the third layer on top of the electrolyte. The concept of three-layer anode is follows: Fuel reforming occurs in the Ni-CeO2 layer, the reformed H2 or CO is electrochemically oxidized in the Ni-YSZ catalyst layer, and the Ni catalyst middle layer prevents the reaction between YSZ and CeO2. Scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical characterization confirmed carbon deposition suppression and improved power generation. The anode showed no carbon deposition and generated high-power, 600 mA cm−2 and 150 mW cm−2, at 950 °C and a steam/carbon ratio of 3.0. Additionally, we discuss the fuel reforming reactions on the three-layer electrode by the results of exhaust gas analysis.