Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Hybridization selects for prime-numbered life cycles in Magicicada: an individual-based simulation model of a structured periodical cicada population

Citation

Toivonen, Jaakko; Fromhage, Lutz (2021), Hybridization selects for prime-numbered life cycles in Magicicada: an individual-based simulation model of a structured periodical cicada population, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.kd51c5b2r

Abstract

We investigate competition between separate periodical cicada populations each possessing different life cycle lengths. We build an individual-based model to simulate the cicada life cycle and allow random migrations to occur between patches inhabited by the different populations. We show that if hybridization between different cycle lengths produces offspring that have an intermediate life-cycle length, then predation acts disproportionately to select against the hybrid offspring. This happens because they emerge in low densities without the safety-in-numbers provided by either parent population. Thus, prime-numbered life cycles that can better avoid hybridization are favored. However, we find that this advantage of prime-numbered cycles occurs only if there is some mechanism that can occasionally synchronize emergence between local populations in sufficiently many patches.

Methods

This data encompasses all the codes and relevant simulation data generated for the analysis in the article "Hybridization selects for prime-numbered life cycles in Magicicada: and individual-based simulation model of a structured periodical cicada population". The simulations were done using Matlab.

Usage Notes

The .mat-files can be opened using Matlab.

Funding

Academy of Finland, Award: 283486