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Data from: Application of a novel haplotype-based scan for local adaptation to study high-altitude adaptation in rhesus macaques

Citation

Szpiech, Zachary; Novak, Taylor; Bailey, Nick; Stevison, Laurie (2021), Data from: Application of a novel haplotype-based scan for local adaptation to study high-altitude adaptation in rhesus macaques, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.kkwh70s40

Abstract

When natural populations split and migrate to different environments, they may experience different selection pressures that can lead to local adaptation. To capture the genomic patterns of a local selective sweep, we develop XP-nSL, a genomic scan for local adaptation that compares haplotype patterns between two populations. We show that XP-nSL has power to detect ongoing and recently completed hard and soft sweeps, and we then apply this statistic to search for evidence of adaptation to high altitude in rhesus macaques. We analyze the whole genomes of 23 wild rhesus macaques captured at high altitude (mean altitude > 4000m above sea level) to 22 wild rhesus macaques captured at low altitude (mean altitude < 500m above sea level) and find evidence of local adaptation in the high-altitude population at or near 303 known genes and several unannotated regions. We find the strongest signal for adaptation at EGLN1, a classic target for convergent evolution in several species living in low oxygen environments. Furthermore, many of the 303 genes are involved in processes related to hypoxia, regulation of ROS, DNA damage repair, synaptic signaling, and metabolism. These results suggest that, beyond adapting via a beneficial mutation in one single gene, adaptation to high altitude in rhesus macaques is polygenic and spread across numerous important biological systems.

Methods

This data was generated by selscan v1.3.0 and norm v1.3.0, both available at https://github.com/szpiech/selscan, using genomic data available at http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100484.

Usage Notes

README.txt Information on data files provided
chr*.xpnsl.out.norm.gz Normalized XP-nSL scores for each autosome
chr*.xpnsl.out.norm.100kb.windows.gz Summary of normalized XP-nSL scores in 100kb non-overlapping windows