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Location and plant spacing affect biomass yield and nutritional value of pigeon pea forage

Citation

Tefera, Mekonen et al. (2021), Location and plant spacing affect biomass yield and nutritional value of pigeon pea forage, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.kkwh70s55

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of row spacing (RS) and interplant spacing (IPS) on the yield of total biomass, leaf, and edible twigs, and nutritive value of pigeon pea,(Cajanus cajan L. Millsp.) at three locations in the Rift Valley area of Ethiopia, using a randomized completed block design with three replications in 3 × 3 factorial arrangement; three RS ( 25, 50, and 75 cm) and three IPS (15, 30, and 45 cm). Row spacing × IPS of 25 × 30 cm and 50 × 15 cm, gave greater total biomass yield than the other RS and IPS combinations.  A similar result was found for edible plant yield. At Hawassa the greater leaf CP was found for the wider IPS of 45 cm than the narrower IPS of 30 cm (318 Vs. 303 g kg-1 ). At Wondo-Genet, the greater leaf in vitro digestible organic matter  (597 Vs. 582 g kg-1 ) was found for the wider RS of 75 cm than narrower RS. Similar to leaf, a better nutritional value of edible twigs was found for a wider RS and IPS than narrower RS and IPS at Hawassa and Wondo-Genet. In contrast at Aliyu-Amab, a better nutritional value of edible twigs was found for narrower RS and IPS than the wider spacing. Thus, it can be concluded that RS × IPS of 25 × 30 cm or 50 × 15 cm are advisable for pigeon pea forage production.

Methods

The meteorological data obtained from the Ethiopian metrology agency. Agronomic data were collected manually from the field by the first author. Feed samples were submitted to and analyzed at the International livestock research institute using NIRS. The agronomic and nutritional value data are summarized in an excel sheet by location, harvest, block, row spacing, and interplant spacing for statistical analysis. The data was analyzed following MIXED model of SAS (9.4) for publication in Agronomy Journal. 

Usage Notes

Missing values are indicated by "."

Funding

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Food Security, Award: AID-OAA-L-15-00003