Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Response to persistent er stress in plants: a multiphasic process that transitions cells from prosurvival activities to cell death

Citation

Srivastava, Renu et al. (2019), Data from: Response to persistent er stress in plants: a multiphasic process that transitions cells from prosurvival activities to cell death, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.kn95474

Abstract

The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a highly conserved response that protects plants from adverse environmental conditions. The UPR is elicited by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, in which unfolded and misfolded proteins accumulate within the ER. Here, we induced the UPR in maize (Zea mays) seedlings to characterize the molecular events that occur over time during persistent ER stress. We found that a multiphasic program of gene expression was interwoven among other cellular events, including the induction of autophagy. One of the earliest phases involved the degradation by regulated IRE1-dependent RNA degradation (RIDD) of RNA transcripts derived from a family of peroxidase genes. RIDD resulted from the activation of ZmIRE1 for promiscuous ribonuclease activity that attacks the mRNAs of secreted proteins. This was followed by an upsurge in expression of the canonical UPR genes indirectly driven by ZmIRE1 due to its splicing of Zmbzip60 to make an active transcription factor that directly upregulates many of the UPR genes. At the peak of UPR gene expression, a global wave of alternative RNA processing led to the production of many aberrant UPR gene transcripts, likely tempering the ER stress response. During later stages of ER stress, ZmIRE1’s activity declined as did the expression of survival modulating genes, Bax inhibitor1 and Bcl-2-associated athanogene7, amidst a rising tide of cell death. Thus, in response to persistent ER stress, maize seedlings embark on a course of gene expression and cellular events progressing from adaptive responses to cell death.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: IOS 1444339

Location

Temperate and subtropical zones