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Divergent evolution of mutation rates and biases in the long-term evolution experiment with Escherichia coli

Citation

Maddamsetti, Rohan; Grant, Nkrumah A. (2020), Divergent evolution of mutation rates and biases in the long-term evolution experiment with Escherichia coli, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.kprr4xh2z

Abstract

Abstract All organisms encode enzymes that replicate, maintain, pack, recombine, and repair their genetic material. For this reason, mutation rates and biases also evolve by mutation, variation, and natural selection. By examining metagenomic time series of the Lenski long-term evolution experiment (LTEE) with Escherichia coli (Good, et al. 2017), we find that local mutation rate variation has evolved during the LTEE. Each LTEE population has evolved idiosyncratic differences in their rates of point mutations, indels, and mobile element insertions, due to the fixation of various hypermutator and antimutator alleles. One LTEE population, called Ara+3, shows a strong, symmetric wave pattern in its density of point mutations, radiating from the origin of replication. This pattern is largely missing from the other LTEE populations, most of which evolved missense, indel, or structural mutations in topA, fis, and dusB— loci that all affect DNA topology. The distribution of mutations in those genes over time suggests epistasis and historical contingency in the evolution of DNA topology, which may have in turn affected local mutation rates. Overall, the replicate populations of the LTEE have largely diverged in their mutation rates and biases, even though they have adapted to identical abiotic conditions.

Funding

BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Award: DBI-0939454

BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Award: DBI-0939454