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Data from: Within-trio tests provide little support for post-copulatory selection on MHC haplotypes in a free-living population

Citation

Huang, Wei; Pemberton, Josephine (2022), Data from: Within-trio tests provide little support for post-copulatory selection on MHC haplotypes in a free-living population, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m63xsj40t

Abstract

Sexual selection has been proposed as a force that could maintain the diversity of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes in vertebrates. Potential selective mechanisms can be divided into pre-copulatory and post-copulatory, and in both cases the evidence for occurrence is mixed, especially in natural populations. In this study, we used a large number of parent-offspring trios that were diplotyped for MHC class II genes in a wild population of Soay sheep (Ovis aries) to examine whether there was within-trio post-copulatory selection on MHC genes at both the haplotype and diplotype levels. We found there was transmission ratio distortion of one the eight MHC class II haplotype (E) which was transmitted less than expected by fathers, and transmission ratio distortion of another haplotype (A) which was transmitted more than expected by chance to male offspring. However, in both cases these deviations were not significant after correction for multiple tests. In addition, we did not find any evidence of post-copulatory selection on diplotype level. These results imply given known parents, there is no strong post-copulatory selection on MHC genes in this population.

Usage Notes

MHC diplotype of parent-offspring trios : MHC_trio.csv

MHC diplotype of parent-offspring trios excluding repeated parental pairs : MHC_trio2.csv

MHC divergence betweem each MHC diplotype (p-distance) : MHC_divergence.csv

R script : simulation_post_copulatory.txt

Readme file

Funding