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Selectivity improvement of polysulfone-zeolite templated carbon membrane by annealing and coating treatment for CO2/CH4 and H2/CH4 separation

Citation

Gunawan, Triyanda et al. (2022), Selectivity improvement of polysulfone-zeolite templated carbon membrane by annealing and coating treatment for CO2/CH4 and H2/CH4 separation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m63xsj43s

Abstract

Natural gas, which majorly consists of methane (CH4), is a renewable energy source widely used as fuel, as well as hydrogen (H2). However, in its production process of each gas containing other impurity gasses. Therefore, membrane technology is needed to separate the gasses from the impurities. Mixed Matrix Membrane (MMM) is a more promising membrane compared to the others. Zeolite Templated Carbon-based MMM offers a good separation performance because of ZTC’s large surface area and well-defined pore structure. However, the interfacial void in MMM is challenging to be prevented, which contributes to the reduced separation performance. This study aims to enhance separation performance by modifying membrane surfaces using various methods. MMM PSF/ZTC modified by annealing at 120, 150, and 190 °C; coating using 0.01, 0.03, and 0.05 mol tetramethylorthosilicate (TMOS); and both combinations annealing at 190 °C and coating using 0.03 mol TMOS. MMM PSF/ZTC was successfully significantly improved CO2/CH4 selectivity by both combinations of annealed at 190 °C and coated 0.03 mol TMOS from 1.37 to 5.90 (331%) and H2/CH4 selectivity by coating with 0.03 mol TMOS from 4.58 to 65.76 (1378%). The enhancement of selectivity was due to structural changes of the membrane that was denser and smoother, which SEM and AFM observed. In this study, annealing and coating treatment are the methods that can use for improving the polymer matrix and filler particle adhesion.

Methods

The data set was obtained from literature, we also have our own dataset in this file which was obtained through the experiments.

Funding

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Award: 797/PKS/ITS/2021

Kementerian Riset Teknologi Dan Pendidikan Tinggi Republik Indonesia, Award: 135/SP2H/LT/DPRM/IV/2017