Phylogeny and biogeographic history of the Chiropotes (Pitheciidae, Platyrrhini)
Carneiro, Jeferson et al. (2020), Phylogeny and biogeographic history of the Chiropotes (Pitheciidae, Platyrrhini) , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.mgqnk98wb
Pitheciidae is a New Word primate family composed of two subfamilies (Callicebinae and Pitheciinae). The three extant pitheciine genera, Pithecia, Cacajao and Chiropotes are all endemic to the Amazon region. Because of the uncertainties about intraspecific relationships, we reviewed the systematics and taxonomy of the genus Chiropotes. The phylogenetic analyses were performed based on Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference, while species delimitation analyses were carried out using multispecies coalescent methods. In addition, we estimated genetic distances, divergence time and the probable ancestral distribution of this genus. Our results support the taxonomic classification of Chiropotes into five species that have emerged during the Plio-Pleistocene. Biogeographic estimates suggest that the ancestor of the current Chiropotes species occupied the endemism areas from Rondonia and Tapajos. Later, subsequent radiation and founder effects associated with the formation of the Amazonian basins have probably determined the speciation events within Chiropotes.
CAPES-PROAM, Award: 3296/2013
CAPES/PRO-AMAZONIA/AUXPE, Award: 3261/2013
CNPq, Award: 306233/2009-6
CNPq, Award: 305645/2009-9
CNPq/FAPEAM SISBIOTA Program, Award: 563348/2010-0