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Patterns of volatile diversity yield insights into the genetics and biochemistry of the date palm fruit volatilome

Citation

Flowers, Jonathan et al. (2022), Patterns of volatile diversity yield insights into the genetics and biochemistry of the date palm fruit volatilome, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.mw6m905z8

Abstract

Volatile organic compounds are key components of the fruit metabolome that contribute to traits such as aroma and taste. Here we report on the diversity of 90 flavor-related fruit traits in date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) including 80 volatile organic compounds, which collectively represent the fruit volatilome, as well as 6 organic acids, and 4 sugars in tree-ripened fruits. We characterize these traits in 148 date palms representing 135 varieties using headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography. We discovered new volatile compounds unknown in date palm including 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol, an attractant of the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier), a key pest that threatens the date palm crop. Associations between volatile composition and sugar and moisture content suggest that differences among fruits in these traits may be characterized by system-wide differences in fruit metabolism. Correlations between volatiles indicate medium chain and long chain fatty acid ester volatiles are regulated independently, possibly reflecting differences in the biochemistry of fatty acid precursors. Finally, we took advantage of date palm clones in our analysis to estimate broad-sense heritabilities of volatiles and demonstrate that at least some of volatile diversity has a genetic basis.

Methods

Details about the datasets can be found in the accompanying README and Flowers et al. (2022).

Usage Notes

Details about the datasets can be found in the accompanying README and Flowers et al. (2022).