Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Genomic prediction for growth using a low-density SNP panel in dromedary camels

Citation

Bitaraf Sani, Morteza et al. (2021), Genomic prediction for growth using a low-density SNP panel in dromedary camels, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.n2z34tmwf

Abstract

For thousands of years, camels have produced meat, milk, and fiber in harsh desert conditions. For a sustainable development to provide protein resources from desert areas, it is necessary to pay attention to genetic improvement in camel breeding. By using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) method we produced over 14,500 genome wide markers to conduct a genome- wide association study (GWAS) for investigating the birth weight, daily gain, and body weight of 96 dromedaries in the Iranian central desert. A total of 99 SNPs were associated with birth weight, daily gain, and body weight (p-value < 0.002). Genomic breeding values (GEBVs) were estimated with the BGLR package using (i) all 14,522 SNPs and (ii) the 99 SNPs by GWAS. Twenty-eight SNPs were associated with birth weight, daily gain, and body weight (p-value < 0.001). Annotation of the genomic region (s) within ± 100 kb of the associated SNPs facilitated prediction of 36 candidate genes. The accuracy of GEBVs was more than 0.65 based on all 14,522 SNPs, but the regression coefficients for birth weight, daily gain, and body weight were 0.39, 0.20, and 0.23, respectively. Because of low sample size, the GEBVs were predicted using the associated SNPs from GWAS. The accuracy of GEBVs based on the 99 associated SNPs was 0.62, 0.82, and 0.57 for birth weight, daily gain, and body weight. This report is the first GWAS using GBS on dromedary camels and identifies markers associated with growth traits that could help to plan breeding program to genetic improvement. Further researches using larger sample size and collaboration of the camel farmers and more profound understanding will permit verification of the associated SNPs identified in this project. The preliminary results of study show that genomic selection could be the appropriate way to genetic improvement of body weight in dromedary camels, which is challenging due to a long generation interval, seasonal reproduction, and lack of records and pedigrees.

 

Methods

The samples were genotyped-by-sequencing using two restriction enzymes combination, EcoR1 and HinF1 (New England Biolabs, Ipswich, MA, USA), and paired-end (150 bp) sequencing (10 X) on the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform by Persian Bayangene Research and Training Center (Shiraz, Iran).

The sequence reads were mapped to the dromedary reference genome assembly on chromosome level (GCA_000803125.3;[1]) by using the BWA-MEM algorithm of Burrows–Wheeler Aligner (BWA)22;. PCR duplicates were detected by utilizing Picard tools and disregarded in downstream analyses both by GATK23 and SAMtools24. SNPs were called across the GBS data using GATK.

Usage Notes

Compressed vcf.rar file contains vcf 2.vcf file 

Funding

Austrian Science Fund (FWF), Award: P29623-B25

Animal Science Research Institute of Iran (ASRI), Animal Breeding Center of Iran, and Yazd Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Award: 34-64-1357-005-970180.

Animal Science Research Institute of Iran, Award: 34-64-1357-005-970180.

Animal Breeding Center of Iran, Award: 34-64-1357-005-970180.