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Beyond the exponential horn: a bush-cricket with ear-canals which function as coupled resonators


Celiker, Emine et al. (2022), Beyond the exponential horn: a bush-cricket with ear-canals which function as coupled resonators, Dryad, Dataset,


Bush-crickets have dual-input, tympanal ears located in the tibia of their forelegs. The sound will, first of all, reach the external sides of the tympana, before arriving to the internal sides through the bush-cricket ear-canal, the acoustic trachea (AT), with a phase lapse and pressure gain. It has been shown that for many bush-crickets, the AT has an exponential horn-shaped morphology and function, producing a significant pressure gain above a certain cut-off frequency. However, the underlying mechanism of different AT designs remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that the AT of the duetting bush-cricket Pterodichopetala cieloi function as coupled resonators, producing sound pressure gains at the sex-specific conspecific calling song frequency, and attenuating the remainder – a functioning mechanism significantly different than an exponential horn. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that despite the sexual dimorphism between the P. cieloi AT, both male and female AT have a similar biophysical mechanism. The analysis was carried out using an interdisciplinary approach, where micro-computed tomography was used for the morphological properties of the P. cieloi AT, and a finite-element analysis was applied on the precise tracheal geometry to further justify the experimental results and to go beyond experimental limitations.


This data provides the computational models used for obtaining the results presented in the paper. The data file also contains the files required for the domain (precise bush-cricket trachea geometry).

Usage Notes

Comsol Multiphysics, Version 5.6 or above.


European Research Council, Award: RCCoG-2017-773067