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Data from: ITS1: a DNA barcode better than ITS2 in eukaryotes?


Wang, Xin-Cun et al. (2014), Data from: ITS1: a DNA barcode better than ITS2 in eukaryotes?, Dryad, Dataset,


A DNA barcode is a short piece of DNA sequence used for species determination and discovery. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS/ITS2) region has been proposed as the standard DNA barcode for fungi and seed plants, and has been widely used in DNA barcoding analyses for other biological groups, e.g. algae, protists, and animals. The ITS region consists of both ITS1 and ITS2 regions. Here, a large scale meta-analysis was carried out to compare ITS1 and ITS2 from three aspects: PCR amplification, DNA sequencing and species discrimination, in terms of the presence of DNA barcoding gaps, species discrimination efficiency, sequence length distribution, GC content distribution and primer universality. In total, 85,345 sequence pairs in ten major groups of eukaryotes, including ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, liverworts, mosses, ferns, gymnosperms, monocotyledons, eudicotyledons, insects, and fishes, covering 611 families, 3,694 genera, and 19,060 species, were analyzed. Using similarity-based methods, we calculated species discrimination efficiencies for ITS1 and ITS2 in all major groups, families, and genera. Using Fisher's exact test, we found that ITS1 has significantly higher efficiencies than ITS2 in 17 of the 47 families and 20 of the 49 genera, which are sample-rich. By in silico PCR amplification evaluation, primer universality of the extensively applied ITS1 primers was found superior to that of ITS2 primers. Additionally, shorter length of amplification product and lower GC content were discovered to be two other advantages of ITS1 for sequencing. In summary, ITS1 represents a better DNA barcode than ITS2 for eukaryotic species.

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