Data: Reduced climate adaptation at range edges in North American Arabidopsis lyrata
Cite this dataset
Sanchez-Castro, Dario; Perrier, Antoine; Willi, Yvonne (2022). Data: Reduced climate adaptation at range edges in North American Arabidopsis lyrata [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.n8pk0p2x7
Aim: Species’ range limits, when not caused by dispersal limitation, are the result of constraints to the evolution of the ecological niche such that further range expansion is slow or not possible. An important evolutionary constraint at range edges may be the enhanced action of genetic drift. Here we tested whether a history of small population size and enhanced genetic drift was linked with reduced adaptation at range limits.
Location: Eastern North America
Time period: 2017-2019
Taxon: Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata
Methods: We performed a latitudinal transplant experiment with sites across and beyond the species distribution of North American Arabidopsis lyrata. Plants originated from the centre and the periphery, and the latter shared a history of range expansion or long-term isolation and had low genetic diversity. We tested for adaptation by considering climatic variables that had previously been associated with both niche and range limits.
Results: Multiplicative performance of plants was lower the more different the temperature regime at the transplant sites compared to home sites was, supporting climate adaptation. However, populations performed worse only when conditions were warmer at the transplant sites and better when conditions were colder, indicating that despite divergent adaptation to climate, the species seems to prefer living in cooler areas than where it is found currently. Finally, populations with low genetic diversity had a lower performance under a climate similar to that of their home sites, and performance declined stronger under warmer conditions.
Main conclusions: Our study supports that genetic drift reduces adaptation at species’ range limits, and that populations with a history of genetic drift are especially vulnerable under global warming.
Data was collected from a field transplant experiment in the US from 2016 to 2018.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Award: 31003A_166322