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Data from: Evidence of degradation of hair corticosterone in museum specimens

Citation

Stewart, Nathan D. et al. (2019), Data from: Evidence of degradation of hair corticosterone in museum specimens, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nc88cg6

Abstract

Researchers increasingly rely on non-invasive physiological indices, such as glucocorticoid (GC) levels, to interpret how vertebrates respond to changes in their environment. Recently, hair GCs have been of particular interest, because they are presumed stable over long periods of storage, which may facilitate the study of large-scale spatial and temporal patterns of stress in mammals. In the current study, we evaluated the stability of hair corticosterone levels in museum specimens, and the potential effects of different museum curation treatments. Using deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) specimens collected from Vancouver Island (11 sites, 82 individuals) over 76 years, we found that specimens collected earlier in the 20th century had lower hair corticosterone than more recently collected specimens. These results suggest that hair hormone levels may not be stable over decades of storage time. We then subjected hair samples collected from white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus, n = 36) to 3 different museum curation treatments, and found that borax lowered hair corticosterone levels relative to control samples, but air drying samples, or treating them with turpentine had no effect. Our results present a source of concern for the use of museum specimens for hair hormone analysis, and for studying long term trends in glucocorticoid levels.

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