Association of CSF biomarkers with hippocampal-dependent memory in preclinical Alzheimer disease
Trelle, Alexandra (2021), Association of CSF biomarkers with hippocampal-dependent memory in preclinical Alzheimer disease, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ngf1vhhrp
Objective: To determine if memory tasks with demonstrated sensitivity to hippocampal function can detect variance related to preclinical Alzheimer’s disease (AD) biomarkers, we examined associations between performance in three memory tasks and CSF Ab42/Ab40 and p-tau181 in cognitively unimpaired older adults (CU).
Methods: CU enrolled in the Stanford Aging and Memory Study (N=153; age 68.78 ± 5.81 yrs; 94 female) completed a lumbar puncture and memory assessments. CSF Ab42, Ab40, and phosopho-tau181 (p-tau181) were measured with the automated Lumipulse G system in a single-batch analysis. Episodic memory was assayed using a delayed recall composite, paired associate (word-picture) cued recall, and a mnemonic discrimination task that involves discrimination between studied ‘target’ objects, novel ‘foil’ objects, and perceptually similar ‘lure’ objects. Analyses examined cross-sectional relationships between memory performance, age, and CSF measures, controlling for sex and education.
Results: Age and lower Ab42/Ab40 were independently associated with elevated p-tau181. Age, Ab42/Ab40, and p-tau181 were each associated with a) poorer associative memory and b) diminished improvement in mnemonic discrimination performance across levels of decreased task difficulty (i.e., target-lure similarity). P-tau mediated the effect of Ab42/Ab40 on memory. Relationships between CSF proteins and delayed recall were similar but non-significant. CSF Ab42 was not significantly associated with p-tau181 or memory.
Conclusions: Tests designed to tax hippocampal function are sensitive to subtle individual differences in memory among CU, and correlate with early AD-associated biomarker changes in CSF. These tests may offer utility for identifying cognitively unimpaired older adults with preclinical AD pathology.
Method e-1. Tau PET imaging
Figure e-1: SAMS Participant Flowchart
Figure e-2: Gaussian Mixture Modelling
Figure e-3: CSF Proteins vs. Medial Temporal Lobe Tau
Figure e-4: CSF Ab42 Sample Characteristics
Figure e-5: CSF Proteins vs. Associative d’ by Stimulus Category
Figure e-6: CSF Proteins vs. Lure Discrimination Difference Scores
Table e-1: Relationships between CSF Proteins and Individual Standardized Delayed Recall Test Scores