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Data for: Evolutionary rescue at different rates of environmental change is affected by trade-offs between short-term performance and long-term survival, by Martta Liukkonen, Ilkka Kronholm and Tarmo Ketola

Citation

Ketola, Tarmo; Liukkonen, Martta; Kronholm, Ilkka (2021), Data for: Evolutionary rescue at different rates of environmental change is affected by trade-offs between short-term performance and long-term survival, by Martta Liukkonen, Ilkka Kronholm and Tarmo Ketola, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ngf1vhhtn

Abstract

As climate change accelerates and habitats free from anthropogenic impacts diminish, populations are forced to migrate or to adapt quickly. Evolutionary rescue (ER) is a phenomenon, in which a population is able to avoid extinction through adaptation. ER is considered to be more likely at slower rates of environmental change. However, the effects of correlated characters on evolutionary rescue are seldom explored yet correlated characters could play a major role in ER. We tested how evolutionary background in different fluctuating environments and the rate of environmental change affect the probability of ER by exposing populations of the bacteria Serratia marcescens to two different rates of steady temperature increase. As suggested by theory, slower environmental change allowed populations to grow more effectively even at extreme temperatures, but at the expense of long-term survival at extreme conditions due to correlated selection. Our results indicate important gap of knowledge on the effects of correlated selection during the environmental change and on evolutionary rescue at differently changing environments.

Methods

Data is based on bacterial growth rate, yield and survival after fast or slow temperature increase. 

Funding

Academy of Finland, Award: 321584

Academy of Finland, Award: 278751