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Data from: Single-cell virus sequencing of influenza infections that trigger innate immunity

Citation

Russell, Alistair B. et al. (2019), Data from: Single-cell virus sequencing of influenza infections that trigger innate immunity, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nh053c6

Abstract

Influenza-infected cells vary widely in their expression of viral genes, and only occasionally activate innate immunity. Here we develop a new method to assess how the genetic variation in viral populations contributes to this heterogeneity. We do this by determining the transcriptome and full-length sequences of all viral genes in single cells infected with a nominally "pure" stock of influenza virus. Most cells are infected by virions with defects, some of which increase the frequency of innate-immune activation. These immunostimulatory defects are diverse, and include mutations that perturb the function of the viral polymerase protein PB1, large internal deletions in viral genes, and failure to express the virus's interferon antagonist NS1. However, immune activation remains stochastic in cells infected by virions with these defects, and occasionally is triggered even by virions that express unmutated copies of all genes. Our work shows that the diverse spectrum of defects in influenza virus populations contributes to---but does not completely explain---the heterogeneity in viral gene expression and immune activation in single infected cells.

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