Acoustic particle motion detection in the snapping shrimp (Alpheus richardsoni)
Dinh, Jason; Radford, Craig (2021), Acoustic particle motion detection in the snapping shrimp (Alpheus richardsoni), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nk98sf7t7
Many crustaceans produce sounds that might be used in communication. However, little is known about sound detection in crustaceans, hindering our understanding of crustacean acoustic communication. Sound detection has been determined only for a few species, and for many species, it is unclear how sound is perceived: as particle motion or sound pressure. Snapping shrimp are amongst the loudest and most pervasive marine sound sources. They produce snaps during interactions with conspecifics, and they also interact with soniferous heterospecifics. If they can hear, then sound could facilitate key behavioral interactions. We measured the auditory sensitivity of the snapping shrimp, Alpheus richardsoni, using auditory evoked potentials in response to a shaker table that generated only particle motion and an underwater speaker that generated both particle motion and sound pressure. Auditory detection was most sensitive between 80 - 100 Hz, and auditory evoked potentials were detected up to 1500 Hz. Snapping shrimp responded to both the shaker table and the underwater speaker, demonstrating that they detect acoustic particle motion. Crushing the statocyst reduced or eliminated hearing sensitivity. We conclude that snapping shrimp detect acoustic particle motion using the statocyst, they might detect conspecifics and heterospecifics, and hearing could facilitate key behavioral interactions.