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Data from: Notch and Nodal control expression of a forkhead factor in the specification network of a multipotent progenitor population in sea urchin

Citation

Materna, Stefan C.; Swartz, S. Zachary; Smith, Joel (2013), Data from: Notch and Nodal control expression of a forkhead factor in the specification network of a multipotent progenitor population in sea urchin, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.np321

Abstract

Indirect development, where embryogenesis gives rise to a larval form, requires that some cells retain developmental potency until they contribute to the different tissues in the adult, including the germ line, in a later, post-embryonic phase. In sea urchins, the coelomic pouches are the major contributor to the adult but how coelomic pouch cells (CPCs) are specified during embryogenesis is unknown. We here identify the key signaling inputs into the CPC specification network and show the forkhead factor foxY is the first transcription factor specifically expressed in CPC progenitors. Through dissection of its cis-regulatory apparatus we determine that the foxY expression pattern is the result of two signaling inputs: First, Delta/Notch signaling activates foxY in CPC progenitors and, second, Nodal signaling restricts its expression to the left side, where the adult rudiment will form, through direct repression by the Nodal target pitx2. A third signal, Hedgehog, is required for coelomic pouch morphogenesis and institution of laterality but does not directly affect foxY transcription. Knockdown of foxY results in failure to form coelomic pouches and disrupts expression of virtually all transcription factors known to be expressed in this cell type. Our experiments place foxY at the top of the regulatory hierarchy underlying specification of a cell type maintaining developmental potency.

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