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Nurses coping with daily stressors

Citation

Martínez-Zaragoza, Fermín et al. (2020), Nurses coping with daily stressors, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ns1rn8pqv

Abstract

Background: During their workday, nurses face a variety of stressors that are dealt with using different coping strategies. One criticism of the contextual models of work stress is that they fail to focus on individual responses like coping with stress. Neverthless, little is know about the momentary determinants of coping in nurses.

Objectives: To identify the momentary predictors of problem-focused approaching coping and emotion-focused approaching coping, as well as those for seeking social support and refusal coping strategies, during the working day in nurses.

Design: This study uses descriptive, correlational, two-level design with repeated measures.

Settings: Wards of two University hospitals.

Participants: A random cohort of 113 nurses was studied.

Methods: An ecological momentary assessment was made of demand, control, effort, reward, nursing task, coping, mood and fatigue, and of coping style by questionnaire. Multilevel two-level statistical analyses were performed in order to identify both within person and between person relationships.

Results: Different momentary types of coping were associated with different tasks. The problem-focused coping could be explained by the direct care and medication tasks, demand, planning coping style, mood, and negatively by acceptation coping style. Emotion-focused coping could be explained by documentation and medication tasks (negatively), mood, demand, distraction, and disengagement coping styles. Seeking social support coping could be explained by the task of communication, mood, fatigue (negatively), and seeking emotional support as a coping style. Refusal coping could be explained by mood, and the coping style of focusing and venting emotions. Refusal coping is not specific to any task.

Conclusions: The choice of the coping strategy depends on the task, of their appraisal and on the different styles of coping.

Methods

Data were collected from two university hospitals in Spain.

Data is in long format. It is processed for multilevel analysis.

Database is in R format.

Usage Notes

Variables' description:

Person

Person ID

Moment_total

Number of registered times

Day

Day of assessment: 1-5

Moment

Moment of assessment: 1-5

Mood

Self-rated, ecological momentary assessment, mood (from 1: negative mood to 5: positive mood)

Fatigue

fatigue, ecological momentary assessment (from 1: less fatigue to 5: more fatigue)

Demand

Self-rated, ecological momentary assessment, demand (1-5). From less to more perceived

Effort

Self-rated, ecological momentary assessment, effort (1-5). From less to more perceived

Control

Self-rated, ecological momentary assessment, control (1-5). From less to more perceived

Reward

Self-rated, ecological momentary assessment, reward (1-5). From less to more perceived.

Problem

Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) of Problem-coping in binary

Emotion

EMA of emotion-coping in binary

Support

EMA of seeking social support-coping in binary

Refusal

EMA of refusal coping in binary

Num_coping

Times the coping has been used in binary

Hospital

Code of hospital

Gender

1-male, 2-female

Social_support

Self-rated use of this coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Emotional_coping

Self-rated use of this coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Active_coping

Self-rated active coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Planning_coping

Self-rated planning coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Focusing_coping

Self-rated focusing coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Acceptance_coping

Self-rated acceptance coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Denial_coping

Self-rated denial coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Positive_reinterpretation

Self-rated positive reinterpretation coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Distraction_coping

Self-rated distraction coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Refusal_coping

Self-rated refusal coping style strategy. From less to more perceived

Shift

1-mornings, 2-evenings, 3-nights, 4-rotatory

Medic

Use of medication task in binary

Docum

Use of documentation task in binary

Social

Use of social task in binary

IndCare

Use of indirect Care task in binary

Communic

Use of communication task in binary

DirCare

Use of direct care task in binary