Data from: Ecosystem services provided by bromeliad plants: a systematic review
Ladino, Geraldine et al. (2019), Data from: Ecosystem services provided by bromeliad plants: a systematic review, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nt288h1
The unprecedented loss of biological diversity has negative impacts on ecosystems and the associated benefits which they provide to humans. Bromeliads have high diversity throughout the Neotropics, but they have been negatively affected by habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, herbivorous species invasions, and they are also being commercialized for ornamental use. These plants provide direct benefits to the human society and they also form micro ecosystems in which accumulated water and nutrients support the communities of aquatic and terrestrial species, thus maintaining local diversity. We performed a systematic review of the contribution of bromeliads to ecosystem services across their native geographical distribution. We showed that bromeliads provide a range of ecosystem services such as maintenance of biodiversity, community structure, nutrient cycling, and the availability of food and water. Moreover, bromeliads can regulate the spread of diseases, water and carbon cycling, and they have the potential to become important sources of chemical and pharmaceutical products. The majority of this research was performed in Brazil, but future research from other Neotropical countries with a high diversity of bromeliads would fill the current knowledge gaps, and increase the generality of these findings. This systematic review identified that future research should focus on provisioning, regulating and cultural services that have been currently overlooked. This would improve our understanding of how bromeliad diversity contributes to human welfare, and the negative consequences that loss of bromeliad plants can have on communities of other species and the healthy functioning of the entire ecosystems.