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Data from: Spatial scaling of beta diversity in the shallow marine fossil record

Citation

Womack, Tom (2020), Data from: Spatial scaling of beta diversity in the shallow marine fossil record, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nvx0k6dqd

Abstract

Beta diversity quantifies the spatial structuring of ecological communities and is a fundamental partition of biodiversity, central to understanding many macroecological phenomena in modern biology and paleobiology. Despite its common application in ecology, studies of beta diversity in the fossil record are limited, particularly at regional spatial scales that are important for understanding macroevolutionary processes. The spatial scaling of beta diversity in the fossil record is poorly understood, but has significant implications due to temporal variation in the spatial distribution of fossil collections and the large spatio-temporal scales typically employed. Here we test the spatial scaling of several common measures of beta diversity using the Cenozoic shallow marine molluscan fossil record of New Zealand, and derive a spatially standardized time series of beta diversity. To measure spatial scaling we use and compare grid cell occupancy based on an equal-area grid and summed minimum spanning tree length, both based on reconstructed paleocoordinates of fossil collections. We find that beta diversity is spatially dependent at local to regional scales, regardless of the metric or spatial scaling utilised, and that spatial standardization significantly changes apparent temporal trends of beta diversity and, therefore, inferences about processes driving diversity change.

Usage Notes

Supplementary Figure 1 - Cenozoic fossil collection locality paleocoordinates for each time bin

Supplementary Figure 2 - Cenozoic additive (βAdd) beta diversity plotted against summed MST length for each time bin

Supplementary Figure 3 - Cenozoic multiplicative (βWhit) beta diversity plotted against summed MST length for each time bin

Supplementary Figure 4 - Cenozoic pairwise (βSor, βSim and βNest) beta diversity plotted against summed MST length for each time bin

Supplementary Figure 5 - Cenozoic multi-site (βMSor, βMSim and βMNest) beta diversity plotted against summed MST length with fitted logarithmic trendlines

Supplementary Figure 6 - Cenozoic multi-site (βMSor, βMSim and βMNest) beta diversity plotted against grid cell occupancy with fitted logarithmic trendlines

Supplementary Figure 7 - Cenozoic time series of spatially standardized (summed MST length and grid cell occupancy) multi-site beta diversity (βMSor, βMSim and βMNest)

Supplementary Figure 8 - Plio-Pleistocene time series of spatially standardized (summed MST length and grid cell occupancy) multi-site beta diversity (βMSor, βMSim and βMNest)

Supplementary Figure 9 - Cenozoic time series of multiplicative and additive beta diversity (βWhit and βAdd)

Supplementary Table 1 - Time bins used for measuring the spatial scaling of beta diversity

Supplementary Table 2 - Equations and notations for measures of beta diversity adopted