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Data from: Genetic structure in Orkney island mice: isolation promotes morphological diversification

Citation

Chevret, Pascale et al. (2020), Data from: Genetic structure in Orkney island mice: isolation promotes morphological diversification, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nvx0k6dqm

Abstract

Following human occupation, the house mouse has colonized numerous islands, exposing the species to a wide variety of environments. Such a colonization process, involving successive founder events and bottlenecks, may either promote random evolution or facilitate adaptation, making the relative importance of adaptive and stochastic processes in insular evolution difficult to assess.

Here, we jointly analyse genetic and morphometric variation in the house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) from the Orkney archipelago. Genetic analyses, based on mitochondrial DNA and microsatellites, revealed considerable genetic structure within the archipelago, suggestive of a high degree of isolation and long-lasting stability of the insular populations. Morphometric analyses, based on a quantification of the shape of the first upper molar, revealed considerable differentiation compared to Western European populations, and significant geographic structure in Orkney, largely congruent with the pattern of genetic divergence. Morphological diversification in Orkney followed a Brownian motion model of evolution, suggesting a primary role for random drift over adaptation to local environments. Substantial structuring of human populations in Orkney has recently been demonstrated, mirroring the situation found here in house mice. This synanthropic species may thus constitute a bio-proxy of human structure and practices even at a very local scale.

Usage Notes

2D morphometric dataset (GMM_ContOrk.txt):

Individual identifier and locality of trapping of the 593 specimens included in the total data set (Orkney + continent), with UM1 size and aligned semi-landmarks along the first upper molar outline.

The dataset includes data for 593 mice (Orkney + continent). The fine includes:

- specimen identifier and locality of trapping,

- first upper molar length (extracted using Momocs): UM1_Length

- first upper molar Centroid Size (obtained using a General Procrustes Superimposition performed using Geomorph): UM1_Csize

- aligned coordinates of the 64 points along the outline: variables V1 to V128.

Microsatellite Dataset (279mice_19msat.str):

This dataset includes the microsatellite data in structure format for 279 mice and 19 microsatellites. Specimen identifiers and localities are indicated. Missing data are indicated by ”-9”.

Funding

Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Award: ANR-11-BSV7-008