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Data from: Habitat amount hypothesis and passive sampling explain mammal species composition in Amazonian river islands

Citation

Rabelo, Rafael M.; Aragón, Susan; Bicca-Marques, Júlio César; Nelson., Bruce W. (2018), Data from: Habitat amount hypothesis and passive sampling explain mammal species composition in Amazonian river islands, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p05t5d0

Abstract

Nested structures of species assemblages have been frequently associated with patch size and isolation, leading to the conclusion that colonization-extinction dynamics drives nestedness. The ‘passive sampling’ model states that the regional abundance of species randomly determines their occurrence in patches. The ‘habitat amount hypothesis’ also challenges patch size and isolation effects, arguing that they occur because of a 'sample area effect'. Here we (1) ask whether the structure of the mammal assemblages of fluvial islands shows a nested pattern, (2) test whether species’ regional abundance predicts species’ occurrence on islands, and (3) ask whether habitat amount in the landscape and matrix resistance to biological flow predict the islands’ species composition. We quantified nestedness and tested its significance using null models. We used a regression model to analyze whether a species’ relative regional abundance predicts its incidence on islands. We accessed islands’ species composition by an NMDS ordination and used multiple regression to evaluate how species composition responds to habitat amount and matrix resistance. The degree of nestedness did not differ from that expected by the passive sampling hypothesis. Likewise, species’ regional abundance predicted its occurrence on islands. Habitat amount successfully predicted the species composition on islands, whereas matrix resistance did not. We suggest the application of habitat amount hypothesis for predicting species composition in other patchy systems. Although the island biogeography perspective has dominated the literature, we suggest that the passive sampling perspective is more appropriate for explaining the assemblages’ structure in this and other non-equilibrium patch systems.

Usage Notes

Location

Alvarães
Tefé
Amazonas
Uarini
Lower-Japurá River
Central Amazon
Middle-Solimões River region