Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Assessment of disability among the elderly in Xiamen of China: a representative sample survey of 14,292 older adults

Citation

Chen, Wei et al. (2016), Data from: Assessment of disability among the elderly in Xiamen of China: a representative sample survey of 14,292 older adults, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p1529

Abstract

Background: The unprecedented number of elderly individuals in China presents a serious public health challenge. Limited data are available on the prevalence of disability or factors resulting in disability among the elderly in China. Objective: We aimed to assess the prevalence of disability and related risk factors among the elderly of Xiamen, China. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on individuals who were ≥60 years of age. The subjects were recruited by multi-stage sampling; a total of 14,292 valid questionnaires were received. Study measurements included activities of daily living (ADL), demographics, and health status. The ADL was assessed by the Katz Index Scale to evaluate disability. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with disabilities. Results: Among the valid participants, 4.27% had at least one disability. Bathing was the most frequently reported disability and feeding was the least frequently reported disability. Disabilities were significantly associated with female gender, older age, unmarried status, living with family, urban residence, illiteracy, poor economic status, self-rated bad health, chronic illnesses, lower life satisfaction, bad mood, and feelings of loneliness. Conclusion: Functional disability among the elderly requires more public attention. Culturally appropriate policies and programs are also needed to address the care for the disabled elderly.

Usage Notes