Data from: Unified pre- and postsynaptic long-term plasticity enables reliable and flexible learning
Costa, Rui Ponte; Froemke, Robert C.; Sjöström, Per Jesper; van Rossum, Mark C. W. (2015), Data from: Unified pre- and postsynaptic long-term plasticity enables reliable and flexible learning, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p286g
Although it is well known that long-term synaptic plasticity can be expressed both pre- and postsynaptically, the functional consequences of this arrangement have remained elusive. We show that spike-timing-dependent plasticity with both pre- and postsynaptic expression develops receptive fields with reduced variability and improved discriminability compared to postsynaptic plasticity alone. These long-term modifications in receptive field statistics match recent sensory perception experiments. Moreover, learning with this form of plasticity leaves a hidden postsynaptic memory trace that enables fast relearning of previously stored information, providing a cellular substrate for memory savings. Our results reveal essential roles for presynaptic plasticity that are missed when only postsynaptic expression of long-term plasticity is considered, and suggest an experience-dependent distribution of pre- and postsynaptic strength changes.