Data from: Warning signal brightness variation: sexual selection may work under the radar of natural selection in populations of a polytypic poison frog
Crothers, Laura Rose; Cummings, Molly E. (2013), Data from: Warning signal brightness variation: sexual selection may work under the radar of natural selection in populations of a polytypic poison frog, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p5g5j
Though theory predicts consistency of warning signals in aposematic species to facilitate predator learning, variation in these signals often occurs in nature. The strawberry poison frog, Dendrobates pumilio, is an exceptionally polytypic aposematic frog exhibiting variation in warning color and brightness. In the Solarte population, males and females both respond differentially to male brightness variation. Here, we demonstrate through spectrophotometry and visual modeling that variation in aposematic brightness within this population is likely visible to two putative predators (crabs, snakes) and conspecifics, but not to the presumed major predator (birds). This study thus suggests that signal brightness within D. pumilio populations can be shaped by sexual selection, with limited opportunity for natural selection to influence this trait due to predator sensory constraints. As changes in signal brightness can ultimately lead to changes in hue, our findings at the within-population level can provide insights into understanding this polytypism at across-population scales.