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Implementing large genomic SNP datasets in phylogenetic network reconstructions: a case study of particularly rapid radiations of cichlid fish

Citation

Olave, Melisa (2020), Implementing large genomic SNP datasets in phylogenetic network reconstructions: a case study of particularly rapid radiations of cichlid fish, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p5hqbzkkt

Abstract

The Midas cichlids of the Amphilophus citrinellus spp. species complex from Nicaragua, are an extraordinary adaptive rapid radiation (<24,000 years old; 13 described species). These cichlids are a very challenging group to infer its evolutionary history in phylogenetic analyses, due to the apparent prevalence of ILS, as well as past and current gene flow. Assuming solely a vertical transfer of genetic material from an ancestral lineage to new lineages is not appropriate in many cases of genes transferred horizontally in nature. Recently developed methods to infer phylogenetic networks under such circumstances might be able to circumvent these problems. These models accommodate not just incomplete lineage sorting, but also gene flow, under the multispecies network coalescent model (MSNC), processes that are at work in young, hybridizing, and/or rapidly diversifying lineages. There are currently only a few programs available that implement MSNC for estimating phylogenetic networks. Here, we present a novel way to incorporate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data into the currently available PhyloNetworks program. Based on simulations, we demonstrate that SNPs can provide enough power to recover the true phylogenetic network. Moreover, our approach results in a faster algorithm compared to the original pipeline in PhyloNetworks, without losing power. We also applied our new approach to infer the phylogenetic network of Midas cichlid radiation. We implemented the most comprehensive genomic dataset to date (RADseq dataset of 679 individuals and >37K SNPs from 19 ingroup lineages) and present estimated phylogenetic networks for this extremely young and fast-evolving radiation of cichlid fish. We demonstrate that the MSNC is more appropriate than the multispecies coalescent alone for the analysis of this rapid radiation. 

Funding

Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

University of Konstanz

European Research Council, Award: ERC “GenAdap” 293700

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Award: DFG ME 1725/21-1

Zukunftskolleg Institute for Advanced Study