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“Not only faces”: specialized visual representation of human hands revealed by adaptation

Citation

Conson, Massimiliano et al. (2020), “Not only faces”: specialized visual representation of human hands revealed by adaptation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p5hqbzkn4

Abstract

Classical neurophysiological studies demonstrated that the monkey brain is equipped with neurons selectively representing the visual shape of the primate hand. Neuroimaging in humans provided data suggesting that a similar representation can be found in humans. Here, we investigated selectivity of hand representation in humans by means of the visual adaptation technique. Results showed that participants’ judgment of human-likeness of a visual probe representing a human hand was specifically reduced by a visual adaptation procedure when using a human hand adaptor but not when using an anthropoid robotic hand or a non-primate animal paw adaptor. Instead, human-likeness of the anthropoid robotic hand was affected by both human and robotic adaptors. No effect was found when using a non-primate animal paw as adaptor or probe. These results support the existence of specific neural mechanisms encoding human hand in the human’s visual system.

Methods

data are in .excel format

Usage Notes

data are ready to be analysed by any kind of dedicated software