Orchis nuclear microsatellite data
Bersweden, Leif (2022), Orchis nuclear microsatellite data, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p5hqbzkp4
Premise of the study The genetic structure of hybrid zones provides an insight into the potential for gene flow to occur between plant taxa. Four closely related European orchid species (Orchis anthropophora, O. militaris, O. purpurea and O. simia) hybridize when they co-occur. We aimed to characterize patterns of hybridization in O. militaris – O. purpurea, O. purpurea – O. simia and O. anthropophora – O. simia hybrid zones using molecular and morphological data.
Methods We used 11 newly isolated nuclear microsatellites to genotype 695 individuals collected from seven hybrid zones and six allopatric parental populations in France. Geometric morphometric analysis was conducted using 15 labellum landmarks to capture the main aspects of petal shape.
Key Results Backcrossing was asymmetric towards O. militaris in multiple O. militaris – O. purpurea hybrid zones. Hybrids in O. purpurea – O. simia and O. anthropophora – O. simia hybrid zones were largely limited to F1 and F2 generations, but further admixture had occurred. These patterns were reflected in labellum geometric morphometric data which correlated strongly with nuclear microsatellite data in all three species combinations.
Conclusions The co-existence of parental and admixed individuals in these Orchis hybrid zones implies they are likely to be tension zones being maintained by a balance between gene flow into the hybrid zone and selection acting against admixed individuals. The pattern of admixture in the three species combinations suggests intrinsic selection acting on the hybrids is weaker in more closely related taxa.
Natural Environment Research Council