Data from: Dispersal of Amur tiger from spatial distribution and genetics within the eastern Changbai mountains of China
Ning, Yao et al. (2019), Data from: Dispersal of Amur tiger from spatial distribution and genetics within the eastern Changbai mountains of China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p8c7dg7
Population dispersal and migration often indicate an expanded habitat and reduced inbreeding probability, and to some extend reflects improvement in the condition of the population. The Amur tiger population in the northern region of the Changbai mountains in China mostly distributes along the Sino-Russian border, next to the population in southwest Primorye in Russia. The successful dispersal westward and trans-boundary movement are crucial for the persistence of the Amur tiger in this area. This study explored the spatial dispersal of the population, trans-boundary migration and the genetic condition of the Amur tiger population within the northern Changbai mountains in China, using occurrence data and fecal samples. Our results from 2003 to 2016 showed that the Amur tiger population in this area was spreading westward at a speed of 12.83 ± 4.41 km every three years. Genetic diversity of the Amur tiger populations in southwest Primorye was slightly different than the population in our study area and the potential individual migration rate between these two populations was shown to be about 13.04%. Furthermore, the relationships between genetic distances and spatial distances indicated the existence of serious limitations to the dispersal of the Amur tiger in China. This study provided important information about spatial dispersal, trans-boundary migration and the genetic diversity of Amur tigers in China, showed the urgent need for Amur tiger habitat restoration, and suggested some important conservation measures, such as corridor construction to eliminate dispersal barriers and joint international conservation to promote trans-boundary movement.