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Breeding and feeding habitat selection by an island endemic bird may increase its vulnerability to climate change

Citation

Radley, Paul; van Etten, Eddie; Blake, David; Davis, Robert (2021), Breeding and feeding habitat selection by an island endemic bird may increase its vulnerability to climate change, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.p8cz8w9np

Abstract

Characterising patterns of habitat use is an important first step for effective conservation planning.  Species restricted to low-lying islands are at greatest risk from climate change-related sea level rise, and requirements for breeding and foraging habitat may determine their risk from tidal inundation.  The endangered Micronesian Scrubfowl (Megapodius laperouse senex) is a model species for understanding these impacts.  This species faces the cumulative challenges of tourist visitation, invasive species, and rising sea levels, yet little is understood about its habitat use in the Rock Islands Southern Lagoon Conservation Area (RISL) of Palau.  We studied the habitat requirements of this mound-nesting scrubfowl as a representative of a group of birds considered highly vulnerable to climate change.  Analysis of 15 habitat variables at 24 incubation mounds and 26 randomly chosen sites indicated that scrubfowl selected incubation sites that were close to shore, contained large trees, and exhibited greater canopy heights than the surrounding forest.  Birds preferentially built mounds at the base of large ironwood trees (Casuarina equisetifolia) but selected sites with significantly more breadfruit trees (Artocarpus mariannensis) than random.  Scrubfowl foraged in a non-preferential manner, making use of all littoral strand forest habitat.  Direct anthropogenic habitat loss is not a major threat to scrubfowl in the RISL but their breeding habitat is highly vulnerable to climate change-driven sea level rise.